Ledger is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal that publishes full-length original research articles on the subjects of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology, as well as any relevant intersections with mathematics, computer science, engineering, law, and economics.  It is published online by the University Library System, University of Pittsburgh.

The journal Ledger:

  • is open access to all readers,
  • does not charge fees to authors,
  • employs a transparent peer-review process,
  • encourages authors to digitally sign their manuscripts,
  • timestamps the published manuscripts in the Blockchain.

Authors planning to submit their work to the journal are strongly advised to examine the Author Guidelines section of the website.



Decentralized 2018 – Europe’s premier blockchain event (14-16 November; Athens, Greece)


After the success of Decentralized 2017 event, University of Nicosia is organizing Decentralized 2018, the largest and most in-depth event of its kind in Europe.

Posted: 2018-09-16 More...
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Vol 3 (2018)

Table of Contents


Andrew Sward, Ivy Vecna, Forrest Stonedahl

Research Articles

Andrew Burnie, James Burnie, Andrew Henderson
Anton Muehlemann


Jose Berengueres